The Planning (Scotland) Bill introduced to the Scottish Parliament on 4 December 2017 sets out the Scottish Government’s proposals for changes to the overall framework under which planning operates. The Bill seeks to re-focus the planning system on enhancing community engagement and reducing and simplifying procedures and processes. Key proposals include:
- Abolition of strategic development plans, with the national planning framework forming part of the development plan;
- Abolition of statutory supplementary planning guidance;
- Local development plans to be in place for a period of 10 years rather than 5 years, with the right to amend them during that time;
- Scottish Planning Policy to be incorporated into the national planning framework, to be reviewed every 10 years; and
- Creation of Local Place Plans produced by a community body.
The Scottish Government proposes that Strategic Development Plans should be replaced by more proactive regional working partnerships. However, there is little detail or clarity on how these regional working partnerships would operate and how tensions at the regional/strategic planning level would be resolved within the proposed enhanced National Planning Framework.
The Bill proposes changes to local development plans, suggesting that the plan period should be extended to ten years instead of the present five years; that the process for preparing local development plans should be shortened by the removal of the need for a Main Issues Report (to be replaced by a draft plan); and that supplementary planning guidance should be dispensed with. The object of these and other changes is to provide stronger local development plans that deliver development.
Local Place Plans (LPPs) are one of the Scottish Government’s key proposals aimed at improving public engagement and involvement in the planning system. The Government hopes that LPPs will provide an avenue for communities to feed into the development plan system. However, there are concerns as to how LPPs interact with the local development plan and clear guidance will be needed on the form and content of LPPs, and how LPPs should be developed and submitted to the planning authority. Interesting times ahead!
To improve the development management process, the Bill proposes changes to the pre-application process for major and local developments and changes to the scheme of delegation which are likely to extend the scope of appeals that would be made to the local review body rather than to Scottish Ministers. Some may welcome these changes, others may be concerned at the prospect of more decisions on major developments being taken locally.
To improve the performance of planning authorities, the Bill proposes that councillors involved in planning decisions will be required to undertake training on planning matters and councillors that have not completed such training would be barred from undertaking such duties. It may be that councillors already undertake some form of informal training but it would be difficult to argue against the need for proper training for those who are charged with the responsibility of discharging planning decisions. In the Scottish Borders, the full council is responsible for the approval of the local development plan so it could, perhaps, be argued that the whole council should undertake such training, not just the members of the planning committee and the local review body. Watch this space.
The Bill does not include any reference to third party appeals. There has been a long-running campaign for the introduction of a limited third party right of appeal where those who have objected to a proposal that has been granted planning permission can request a review of the decision. Scottish Ministers are opposed to the creation of a third party right of appeal. The Scottish Government’s view is that:
“It is far more appropriate and more constructive to have stronger early engagement, involving people in the shaping of their areas, as provided for through the changes to development planning, the introduction of LPPs and more effective pre-application consultation. A third party right of appeal would increase delay and uncertainty through to the end of the planning process, running counter to the whole thrust of the Bill and wider review of planning in streamlining and front-loading the system”
The Bill is presently passing through Parliament. The Bill completed Stage 1 on 29 May 2018 and consideration of the Bill at Stage 2 is scheduled to commence on 12 September 2018. It will be next year (2019) before we have a better idea of what the Planning (Scotland) Act might look like.